英语十六时态表格总结(很全面)

英语时态表 —— 一般现在时、一般过去时 时态 名称 结构 常连用的词 主要用法 例句 陈述句:I am an office worker. 1 be 动词用 am/is/are 表示, 之后接名词,形 容词或介词。

often; usually; every…; sometimes; 一般 2 行为动词用 V always; 现在 原形或 V-s/es, never; 时 引导疑问句和 否定句,用 do once/twice/… a 或 don’t;第三 week/month/year; 人称时用 does on Sundays/Mondays/….; 或 doesn’t,有 does 出现动词 用原形;第三人 称陈述句 V 后加 s 或 es. He is so lazy. They are at home now. 否定句: I am not Tim. She is not very beautiful. They are not in the office. 一般疑问句:Are you an officeassistant? 一般现在时表示 没有时限的持久 存在的习惯性的 动作或状态,或 现阶段反复发生 的动作或状态 beautiful? Is she 陈述句:I work in Shanghai. He works at home. Davy never watches TV at home. 否定句: I don’t like the food in KFC. Davy doesn’t like the food in KFC either. 一般疑问句: Do you want a cup of coffee? Does she live near thesubway station? 陈述句:I was a big boss.He was beautiful. We were in Beijing last year. 1.be 动词用过 yesterday; 否定句: I was not at home at that moment. 去式 was 或 the day before We were not at work yesterday. were 表示。

yesterday; 一般疑问句: Were you a teacher? 一般 在过去时间里所 last Was she in the office last week? 过去 week/month/year/….; 发生的动作或存 陈述句:I worked in Sunmoon. 时。

2 行为动词用 在的状态。

… ago; V-ed,陈述句, a moment ago; We stud English there. He lived inHongKong. 疑问句和否定 just now; 否定句: I didn’t work here. 句借助于 did,有 on/in+过去的时间; They didn’t see me. She liked English a lot. did 出现动词用 一般疑问句: Did you go to America? 原形。

Did he work in Sunmoon? 英语时态表——一般将来时、过去将来时 时态 名称 结构 常连用的词 主要用法 例句 陈述句:I will fly to KongKong tomorrow. tomorrow, the day after 一般 即将发生动 tomorrow; 将来 作或状态。

soon; 时 1 任何人称+will+V 原 next 形. week/month/year/...; the He will go with us. We will arrive in Shanghai next week. 否定句:I will never believe you again. He will not come tonight. We will not buy a car next year. 一般疑问句:Will you go there by train? Will he come tomorrow?

week/month/year/... after next; 2 is/am/are+going on/in +将来的时间; to+V 原形,表示计划 in+一段时间;. 打算做什么事情。

Will they live a five-star hotel? 陈述句:I’m going to go to Kongkong by air. 否定句:We are not going to buy a house here. 一般疑问句:Are they going to change their jobs? 特殊疑问句:How are you going to tell him? 陈述句:I was going to buy a computer. They told me that they were not going to 在过去将会 goabroad. 发生的动作。

否定句:I was not going to buy a computer. He said he would come in in Shanghai. I said I would buy you a car one day. 过去 was/were going to +V 将来 原形 时 任何人称+would +V 原形 多用在宾语从句中 英语时态表——现在进行时、过去进行时 时态 名称 结构 常连用的词 主要用法 例句 陈述句:I’m waiting for my boy friend. now; 现在 进行 is/am/are+V-ing 时 at present; at the moment; Look!(放在句首); Listen! (放在句首); 表示现在 ( 指说话人 说话时) 正 在发生的事 情。

He is doing the housework at home now. We are enjoying ourselves. 否定句:He is not playing toys. 一般疑问句:Are you having dinner at home? Is Tim cooking in the kitchen? 特殊疑问句:What are you doing now? Where are they having a meal? at that time; at this time yesterday; at+时间点 +yesterday/lastnight; at that moment; 陈述句:I was doing my homework at that time. 过去一段时 间正在发生 的动作。

We were having a party while he was sleeping. 否定句:He was not sleeping at 11 o’clock lastnight. 一般疑问句: Were you watching TV at that time? 特殊疑问句: What were you doing at that moment? 过去 进行 was/were+V-ing 时 英语时态表 —— 现在完成时、过去完成时 时态 名称 结构 常连用的词 主要用法 用来表示之 前已发生或 完成的动作 或状态,其结 果的确和现 在有联系。

动 作或状态发 生在过去但 它的影响现 在还存在;也 例句 陈述句:I have already told Davy. Davy has known thismatter. He has lived here for nearly 10 years. 否定句:I haven’t finished my homework.. Tim hasn’t come yet. We haven’t heard any news about him 一般疑问句: Has he worked here since he came here? 特殊疑问句: How long have you worked in thiscompany? already;just;before; yet(否定句中);ever; never;once/twice/… for+一段时间; 现在 since +时间点; 完成 have/has+ p.p since+一段时间+ago; 时 (过去分词) by+现在时间; so far; up to now; till now; until now; recently/lately;

during/over/in thepast/last…. 可表示持续 到现在的动 作或状态。

简 单的说,就是 动作已经发 生对现在造 成明显的影 响。

1.have/has always been+名词/形容词/介词:总是或一直是什么样子。

He has always been a good father. I have always been busy. 特别注意: They have always been in America. 2.have/has gone to:去了。

He has gone to Beijing. They have gone to the cinema. 3. have/has been to:表示去过或到过。

I have been to Canada. Have you been to Hongkong? Where have you been? I have never been here. 陈述句:He said he had told Davy. 过去的过去: 过去 had + p.p(过 by+过去的时间; 完成 去分词) 表“过去某动作或时间以 时 前”的时间状语。

They told us they had finished the work. He left the office after he had called Davy. 动作发生在 否定句:She hadn’t had dinner before she went out. 过去的过去。

一般疑问句:Had she learnt English before she movedhere? 特殊疑问句:how many English words had he learnt by theend of last year? 英语时态表 —— 英语时态举例! Simple Present 一般现在时 Simple Past 一般过去时 Simple Future 一般将来时 句子结构:主语+will+V. If you are having problems, I will help you study English. 句子结构:主语+V I study English everyday. 我每天都学习英语. 句子结构:主语+V-ed 如果你在学习英语当中,遇到问题,我将帮 助你. Two years ago, I stud English in America. 句子结构:主语+be going to+V 两年前,我在美国学英语. I’m going to study English next year. 我明年将开始学习英语. Past Continuous Present Continuous Future Continuous

过去进行时 现在进行时 将来进行时 句子结构:主语+will be+doing I will be studying English when you 句子结构:主语+was/were+doing 句子结构:主语+be+doing I am studyingEnglish now. 我正在学习英语. I was studying English when you called yeaterday. 你昨天给我打电话的时候,我正在学习英 语. arrive tonight. 明晚你来的时候,我会正在学习英语. 句子结构:主语+be going to+be+doing I’m going to be studying English when you arrive tonight. 同上. Present Perfect 现在完成时 Past Perfect 过去完成时 Future Perfect 将来完成时 句子结构:主语+will+have done I will have stud every tense by the time I finish this course. 句子结构:主语+had done 句子结构:主语+have/has done I have stud English in several different countries. 在一些国家,我已经学习了英语. I had stud a little English before I moved to the U.S. 在我搬去美国之前,我已经学习了一点英 语. 在我完成这个课程的时候,我已经能完成 英语时态的学习了. 句子结构:主语+be going to+have done I’m going to have stud every tense by the time I finish this course. 同上. Present Perfect Continuous 现在完成进行时 Past Perfect Continuous 过去完成进行时 句子结构:主语+hadbeen doing Future Perfect Continuous 将来完成进行时 句子结构:主语+will have been doing 句子结构:主语+have/has been

doing I have been studying English for ten years. 我已经学习英语有十年的时间了. I had been studying English for ten years before I moved to the U.S. I will have been studying English for over three hours by the time you arrive. 在我搬去美国之前,我已经学习了十年的 明晚你来的时候,我已经学习英语 3 个小时 英语了. 了. 句子结构:主语+be going to have been doing I’m going to have beenstudying English for over three hours by the time you arrive 同上. 英语时态表 —— 详细讲解-一般现在时 通常以动词原形表示。

主语为第三人称单数时,用现单三形式。

动词 be 和 have(表示“拥有”)各人称的单数形式为: 第一人称单数 第二人称单数 第三人称单数 Have Have Have Has Be Am Are is 一般现在时的否定式、疑问式和简单回答形式如下: 动词 be 与 have(表示“拥有”) :否定式直接把 not 放在动词之后,疑问式直接把动词放在主语之前,见下 表: 否定式 疑问式 Be Have Be Have I am not (I’m not)… I have not (haven’t)… Am i…? Have i…? You are not (aren’t)… You have not (haven’t)… Are you…? Have you…? He is not (isn’t)… He has not (hasn’t)… Is he …? Has he …? 动词 be 的否定疑问式和简单回答: 否定疑问式 肯定回答 否定回答 Am I not (aren’t i)…? Yes, you are. No, you aren’t Are you not (aren’t you)…? Yes, I am. No, I’m not. Is he not (isn’t he)…? Yes, he is. No, he isn’t 动词 be 与 have(表示“拥有”): 否定式直接把 not 放在动词之后, 疑问式直接把动词放在主语之前, 见下表: 否定式 疑问式 Be Have Be Have I am not (I’m not)… I have not (haven’t)… Am i…? Have I …? You are not (aren’t)… You have not (haven’t)… Are you …? Have you…? He is not (isn’t)… He has not (hasn’t)… Is he …? Has he …? 动词 have(表示“拥有”) 的否定疑问式和简单回答: 否定疑问式 肯定回答 否定回答 Have I not (haven’t i)…? Yes, you have. No, you haven’t. Have you not (haven’t you)…? Yes, I have. No, I haven’t. Has he not (hasn’t he)…? Yes, he has. No, he hasn’t. 注意:have 作为行为动词则只能按照行为动词的规则变化。

行为动词(以 study 为例)一般现在时的否定式、疑问式和简单回答(注意要加助动词 do/does) 否定式 疑问式 I do not (don’t) study Do I study You do not (don’t) study Do you study He does not (doesn’t) study Does he study 否定疑问句式 简单回答(肯定/否定) Do I not (Don’t I) study…? Yes, I do. No, I don’t. Do you not (Don’t you) study…? Yes, you do. No, you don’t. Does he not (Doesn’t he) study…? Yes, he does. No, he doesn’t. 英语时态表 —— 详细讲解-现在进行时、一般过去时 由助动词 be + 现在分词构成。

其中 be 有人称和数的变化,有三种形式:第一人称单数用 am, 第三人称 单数用 is, 其他用 are。

现在进行时的否定式是:直接在助动词 be 后面加上 not;疑问式是:把助动词 be 提到主语之前。

以 study 为例: 否定式 疑问式 I am not studying Am I studying? You are not studying, Are you studying? He is not studying. Is he studying? 一般过去时 一般过去时通常由动词过去式表示。

一般过去时的否定式、疑问式和简单回答形式要用助动词 do 的过去式 did, 同时注意实义动词要用原形。

以 study 为例,其否定式、疑问式和简单回答形式如下: 否定式 疑问式 I did not (didn’t) study…. Did I study…? You did not (didn’t) study…. Did you study…? He did not (didn’t) study…. Did he study…? 否定疑问式 简单回答 (肯定/否定) Did I not (Didn’t I) study…? Yes, you did. No, you didn’t. Di you not (Didn’t you) study…? Yes, I did. No, I didn’t. Did he not (Didn’t he) study…? Yes, he did. No, he didn’t. 英语时态表 —— 详细讲解-过去进行时、过去完成时 过去进行时 由助动词 be 的过去式 + 现在分词构成。

其中 be 有人称和数的变化,第一、第三人称单数用 was,其他 用 were. 1)过去进行时动词主要表示在过去某一时刻或某一段时间内正在进行或持续进行的动作。

过去进行时经常 与过去时配合使用。

例如: This time yesterday, we were having an English lesson. 昨天这个时候,我们正在上英语课。

The teacher was giving us a lesson when Tom walked into the room. 老师在给我们上课时,汤姆 走进教室。

While we were having supper, all the lights went out. 我们吃饭的时候,灯灭了。

He was reading while she was setting the table. 她摆桌子时,他在读书。

It was getting dark. The wind was rising. 天渐渐黑下来了。

风势增强了。

2)过去进行时动词常用 always, continually, frequently 等词连用,表示过去经常发生的行为。

这种用 法表明带有的感情色彩。

例如:

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